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Castle Archdale, Northern Ireland Coastal Command

RCAF 446 SAM Squadron (Post WW2)
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Argent in front of two swords in saltire Argent a Griffon sergreant Or armed and langued Gules.

Battle Honours:


446 Surface to Air missile Squadron activated at RCAF Station North Bay on 28 December 1961 and disbanded on 1 December 1972.

446 has flown this Aircraft:

  • Boeing CIM-10B Bomarc SAM



CFB North Bay
With the formation of NORAD in the 1950s and the US's introduction of the SAGE system, CFB North Bay was selected as the Canadian counterpart to the US's Cheyenne Mountain control center. A SAGE installation was set up at the base starting in 1959, but unlike their US counterparts which were at ground level, in North Bay the entire standard three story installation was buried underground in what became known as "the hole". Later the base was also used as the control center for the Ontario portion of the two-site BOMARC missile system installed in the 1960s.
By the late Sixties, the Bomarcs were rapidly beginning to show their 1950's technology. Even with upgrades they were no longer seen as a viable defence weapon. At the same time, the repeated budget cuts to the military saw the need for some cut-back and readjustments. All of these factors combined, resulted in 446 (SAM) Squadron disbanding on 1 September 1972.

The BOMARC missiles were decommissioned in 1973 and the SAGE installation followed in 1983. Parts of the computers system from CFB North Bay's SAGE installation ended up in the Computer History Museum in California. Following defence cutbacks in 1972, only a single flying unit was stationed at the airfield, the 414 Electronic Warfare Squadron, before it too was redeployed.

CFB North Bay remains Canada's primary NORAD site, with responsibility for monitoring the Canadian NORAD sector, namely the ADIZ surrounding Canada. Tools used by 22 Wing include the North Warning System which stretches across the Canadian Arctic, as well as coastal radars on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Canada (primarily used by Maritime Command, these radars reportedly have the dual ability to track small aircraft), and any Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft operated by the USAF or NATO in Canadian airspace.

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD; pronounced /nɒr.├Žd/, nohr-ad)) is a joint organization of Canada and the United States that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and defense for the two countries.[1] It was founded on May 12, 1958 (the effect of the Cold War) as a joint command between the governments of Canada and the United States, as the North American Air Defense Command. Its main technical facility has been the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center in Colorado, and for this reason NORAD is sometimes referred to as Cheyenne Mountain. In addition, in Canada East and Canada West Sector Air Operations Control Centres are located in the underground complex at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) North Bay in Ontario in Canada.

CIM-10 Bomarc
The CIM-10 Bomarc (originally IM-99) was the product of the Bomarc Missile Program. The Program was a joint United States of America–Canada effort between 1957 and 1972 to protect against the USSR bomber threat. The Bomarc was a joint development with Boeing and Michigan Aeronautical Research Center. It involved the deployment of tactical stations armed with Bomarc missiles along the east and west coasts of North America and the central areas of the continent. BOMARC and the SAGE guidance system were phased out in the early 1970s since they seemed to be ineffective and costly. Neither of these systems was ever used in combat, so while their combat effectiveness remains untested, they are still perceived as having been an important deterrent.
The supersonic Bomarc missiles were the first long-range anti-aircraft missiles in the world. They were capable of carrying conventional or nuclear warheads. Their intended role in defence was in an intrusion prevention perimeter. Bomarcs aligned on the eastern and western coasts of North America would theoretically launch and destroy enemy bombers before the bombers could drop their payloads on industrial regions.


Canada and the Bomarc

The Bomarc Missile Program was highly controversial in Canada. The Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker initially agreed to deploy the missiles, and shortly thereafter controversially scrapped the Avro Arrow interceptor program arguing that the missile program made the Arrow unnecessary.

Initially, it was unclear whether the missiles would be equipped with nuclear warheads. Once their use as nuclear weapons became known in 1960, a debate ensued about whether Canada should accept nuclear weapons. Ultimately, the Diefenbaker government decided that the Bomarcs should be equipped with conventional warheads. The dispute split the Diefenbaker Cabinet, and led to the collapse of the government in 1963. The Opposition Liberal Party argued in favour of accepting nuclear warheads, and, after winning the 1963 election, the new Liberal government of Lester Pearson proceeded to accept nuclear warheads, with the first being deployed on 31 December 1963.

Pierre Trudeau, still working as a journalist, attacked Pearson for the decision. While he was forced to reverse himself when he decided to run as a candidate for the Liberals in the 1965 election, he remained unenthusiastic. Shortly after becoming prime minister in 1968, he announced that the missiles would be phased out by 1971.



Royal Canadian Air Force
446 SAM Squadron, North Bay, Ontario 1962-1972
447 SAM Squadron, La Macaza, Quebec 1962-1972 

United States:

United States Air Force Air (later Aerospace) Defense Command
6th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-A)
Suffolk County AFB, New York, 1959-1964
22d Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-A/B)
Langley AFB, Virginia (1960-1972)
26th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-A/B)
Otis AFB, Massachusetts, 1960-1972
30th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-A)
Dow AFB, Maine, 1960-1964  35th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-B)
Niagara Falls International Airport, New York, 1961-1969
37th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-B)
Kincheloe AFB, Michigan, 1961-1972
46th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-A/B)
McGuire AFB, New Jersey, 1959-1972
74th Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC-B)
Duluth International Airport, Minnesota, 1960-1972 


Nuclear Warheads in North Bay


Nuclear Warhead Arrival and Departure Dates:


Arrival and Departure Dates

Warhead Delivery Date

Warhead Removal Date

446 Squadron – North Bay, ON

31 Dec 63 to 11 Jan 64

4 Apr 72 to 17 Apr 72


Unit Nuclear Operational Dates:


Squadron Base Operational Dates



446 Squadron – North Bay, ON

13 Jan 64

31 Mar 72

My grandfather, F.G. "Jerry" Fellows was assigned to 446 SAM Squadron on July 1, 1964 as Commanding Officer.  He was replaced by Maj. J.B. "Jack" Randall C.D. on October 17, 1968 upon his retirement from the R.C.A.F.
During his time at North Bay, RCAF Station North Bay was formally changed to its present name, Canadian Forces Base North Bay or CFB North Bay on 1 April 1966 in advance of the unification of the RCAF, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army to form the Canadian Forces.
When my grandfather took over the base, it was originally called RCAF Station North Bay.







Wing Commander Arthur G. Lawrence AFC, DFC, CD and my grandfather F.G Fellows. My grandfather is looking over the document he is about to sign making him the new commanding officer of 446 squadron, North Bay.


With the stroke of a pen, my grandfather becomes the new Commanding Officer of 446 SAM squadron.



October 6, 1964. Fire Prevention Week.




Florida test shot location. This photo corresponds with the two newpaper articles found above. My grandfather is located 7th from left.


Day of Florida missle firing, March 2, 1965. My grandfather is located in the middle of the photo, with black tie.




The Story Of The 446 Squadron Crest
While my grandfather was commanding officer of 446 squadron, he decided to have a contest for the 446 members to see who could come up with a squadron crest design. My grandfather ended up choosing and submitting the crest designed by Cpl. J.E. Baker. It was approved by the College of Heralds, received royal approval, and was signed by Queen Elizabeth. There was an official ceremony, Air Vice-Marshall Murray D. Lister presented the squadron with their new insignia in a ceremony at North Bay.





March 21, 1966. My grandfather being presented with the official 446 squadron crest by Air Vice-Marshall Murray D. Lister.


Air Vice-Marshall Murray D. Lister and my grandfather inspecting the members of 446 squadron.


Social gathering after the presentationof the 446 squadron crest, North Bay.
Left to right: Air Vice-Marshall Murray D. Lister, my grandfather Wing Commander F.G. Fellows, the man in glasses I do not know his name.


The actual crest that was presented to my grandfather by Air Vice-Marshall Murray D. Lister. The queen's signature is in the top right hand area. The crest still proudly hangs in my grandfathers home. The photo was taken in April, 2009.


A close up photo of the 446 Official crest handed to my grandfather by Air Vice-Marshall Lister.


Photo of crest as it hangs on the wall at my grandfather's home. Taken April, 2009.

Visit Of General Reeves U.S.A.F. October 6, 1966, North Bay.


F.G. Fellows , front row, first in photo. Gen Reeves, U.S.A.F standing behind him with sunglasses on. They are looking at missle found in next photo.



Wing Commander F.G. Fellows and General Reeves (USAF) inspecting SAM missle # 60-904 North Bay, October 6, 1966.


Athletic Squadron


October 5, 1964. Inter Section Ball Winners.


February 4, 1966 CTSO Bonspeil. My grandfather is first on left , he is wearing a jacket hand-knitted by my grandmother. His name appears below the left shoulder of jacket with RCAF emblem.


Another photo from the bonspeil.


My grandfather presenting a trophy to the Bomarc baseball team.


November 24, 1967. Canadian Centennial Medal recipients - BOMARC.
My grandfather is standing 4th from right, in front of flags.

Social Gatherings


April 22, 1966. Sgt's Mess Retirement
Third from left, my grandmother, Aileen Fellows, fourth from left, my grandfather.


Not sure of the event. My grandfather peeking from the back in white tux style uniform.


Lt/Col F.G Fellows, Aileen Fellows, unknown.


Female on left unknown.  Lt/Col F.G and Aileen Fellows.


Invitation to my Mother and Father's wedding.




Mom and Dad's wedding at North Bay base , November 4, 1967.

Retirement of F.G "Jerry" Fellows
Assigned to 446 SAM Squadron on July 1, 1964 as Commanding Officer.
He was replaced by Maj. J.B. "Jack" Randall C.D. on October 17, 1968 upon his retirement from the R.C.A.F.
**Was given a 229 day "Canadian Forces Leave Authorization." The duration of the leave was 21 Oct 68 / 05 Jun 69, the day the Canadian Forces recorded his retirement as official although my grandfather went home to Sarnia after leaving North Bay in October where he purchased a home and lived at for 40 years.**





October 17, 1968.
Squadron Leader/Major Jack B. Randall taking over command from Wing Commander Fellows. To the right of Major Randall is Flight Lieutenant Aucoin



My grandfather's final inspection of his squadron, October 17, 1968.










Special thanks to:
 James Stewart     N.Ireland 
Joe O'Loughlin     N.Ireland
    Breege Mc Cusker  N.Ireland 
John Newall         Canada
                               Richard Lebek  Canada ( crew member U-672)
Norman Lebek   Canada
 Roland Berr      Germany
                                Harry Lorkin   U.K. (RAF 226 Squadron)          
     John Rogers          UK            
                                    N.Jack Logan       Canada   (RCAF 422 Squadron)
              Les and Maureen Ingram  Scotland
   Bill Barber            Canada    
  Robert Walsh        N.Ireland  
                         Capt. Jerry Mason USN (ret.)  Canada         
             Blake Wimperis      Canada              
                                   Robert Quirk     Canada                                          
                                    Norm Muffitt          Canada                                      
                         Lt/Col S. Beaton     Canada  (Camp Borden)
       Stephanie Pinder     USA            
    Alec (Johnny) Johnston    N.Z.
                 Stephen Kerr           N.Ireland             
                                   Reg Firby               Canada (RCAF 423 Squadron)
         Maurice Duffill         Australia     
                   John Hartshorn              UK                     
                                  Don Macfie      Canada ( RCAF 422/423 Squadron)
                               Frank Cauley   Canada  ( RCAF 422 Squadron)
                                Harold O'Brien  Canada  ( RCAF 423 Squadron)
                                   James Newall          UK        ( RAF 423 Squadron)
      Ian Meadows                    UK
                     Bill Baker                 Canada               
John Taylor      Canada
            Gordon Burke              Canada
          Carol Whittle                    U.K.

Last Update on Dec 07 , 2010