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Castle Archdale, Northern Ireland Coastal Command

RCAF 422 Squadron
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422squadron.jpg

A Cubic arm holding in the hand a tomahawk. The painted arm indicates the Red Indian
Brave is at war.

Nickname: Tomahawk
Squadron Codes: DG (1940 - 1946)
TF (1953 - 1958)

Motto:
THIS ARM SHALL DO IT

Badge:
A cubit arm adorned holding in the hand a tomahawk head Gules handle adorned

Battle Honours:
Atlantic 1942-1945, English Channel and North Sea 1944-1945, Normandy 1944, Biscay 1944-1945, Arctic 1942

History

422 General Reconnaissance Squadron formed at Lough Erne, Northern Ireland, on 2 April 1942. They were redesignated a Transport Squadron on 5 June 1945 and disbanded on on 3 September 1945. They reformed at RCAF Station Uplands on 1 January 1953 as 422 Fighter Squadron. They went to 4 Wing Baden-Soellingen on 27 August and stayed there until they were deactivated on 1 July 1970. They reactivated as 422 Tactical Helicopter Squadron on 1 January 1971 and remained a helicopter squadron until they were finally disbanded on 16 August 1980.

422 Squadron has flown the following Aircraft:

  • Saro Lerwick
  • Consolidated Catalina
  • Shorts Sunderland
  • Douglas CC-129 (DC-3) Dakota
  • Consolidated Liberator
  • de Havilland Vampire
  • Canadair (North American) F-86 Sabre
  • Canadair (Lockheed) CF-104 Starfighter
  • Bell CH-135 Twin Huey
  • Bell CH-136 Kiowa

422 SQUADRON SORTIES 1,116 : FLYING HOURS OPERATIONS - 13,346 : NON-OP.- 5,842

Casualties 86, 31 rescued, 6 injured, 23 buried at sea (Runnymede, U.K.), 27 graves, 12 aircraft lost

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My grandfather, F.G. "Jerry" Fellows flew with 422 squadron from March 28, 1943, until December 10, 1943.

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HISTORY:
 
422 "Tomahawk" Squadron was first formed in April 1942 in Lough Erne, Northern Ireland. The entire war was spent in Coastal Command flying Catalina and Sunderland flying-boats on convoy escort and anti-submarine patrols. During this period 422 Squadron operated from a number of seaplane bases in Northern Ireland, the west coast of Scotland, the Hebrides and the Shetlands with Reykjavik and Gibraltar as ports of call. In addition, 422 gained the distinction of being the only Canadian squadron that carried out 0pcrations from bases in the USSR; Murmansk and Archangel. To its credit, 422 had one confirmed and one possible U-boat kill.

The first deactivation for the squadron occurred from September 1945 to January 1953, when it was reformed at RCAF Station Uplands, Ottawa and equipped with F-86 Sabre aircraft. Eight months later, twenty-five 422 Squadron Sabres were winging their way to Baden-Soellingen, West Germany via Bagotville, Goose Bay, Greenland, Iceland, and Scotland as part of Leap Frog IV. Along with 414 and 444 Squadrons, the "Tomahawks" formed 4 Wing and were an integral part of the day time air defence system of Western Europe, as part of 4 ATAF.

The second disbandment in April 1963 lasted only a few months to July 1963 when 422 was re-equipped with the CF- 104 as part of 4 Wing. The Starfighters were flown in the strike/attack role within ! Air Division as part of Canada's contribution NATO. The squadron remained at Baden-Soellingen until its disbandment in July 1970 having served a total of 17 years at that base.

CFB Gagetown was the site of the latest chapter of 422 history with its last reactivation in January 1971 as a Tactical Helicopter Squadron with the CH 135 Twin Huey, L- 19 Birddog, and finally CH136 Kiowa aircraft.

In 1975, 422 Squadron completed 25 years service and in 1977 received its standard. The colours show the squadron crest, an Indian hatchet, five battle honors and the squadron's motto "THIS ARM SHALL DO IT!"

In August 1980, 422 Squadron was stood down for the final time and the "Hatchetmen" were dispersed to other units.

PERSONNEL AND AIRCRAFT OF #422 LOST IN FLYING ACTION :
 
(OTHER THAN FLYING ACTION:: One person lost by drowning during a gale, one by a truck accident:: one aircraft lost in a gale in Bowmore.)
 
 

DATE

A/C

LOCATION

Crew

Sep-42 FP103 Crashed on Isle of Whalsay (CATALINA) 0
10-Sep-42 L7267 Crashed on Landing, Lough Erne (LERWICK) 0
19-Dec-42 W6029 Oban, Scotland 5
25-May-43 DD846 Clare Island, Ireland -Paige 11
03-Sep-43 DD861 Bay of Biscay Engine Failure - De le Paulle 0
28-Sep-43 W6033-J On Landing, Rekjavik, Iceland -Holley 0
17-Oct-43 JM712 North Atlantic, Flak U-470 (BM) Sargent 4
20-Nov-43 W6031 North Atlantic, Flak U-618-Ulrichsen 11
20-Feb-44 W6028 Trory,St. Angelo, (F.A.E.).. Tomlinson 2
24-May-44 DV990 North Sea off Norway, Flak U-921 (SV) - Holley 12
12-Aug-44 NJ175 Donegal, N. of Belleek, Ireland - Devine 3
23-Oct-44 Died on Operations - H.J. Lepper 1

AIRCRAFT.

12

PERSONNEL LOST.

49

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To learn more about 422 Squadron, please click HERE


 
Special thanks to:
 
 James Stewart     N.Ireland 
Joe O'Loughlin     N.Ireland
    Breege Mc Cusker  N.Ireland 
John Newall         Canada
                               Richard Lebek  Canada ( crew member U-672)
Norman Lebek   Canada
 Roland Berr      Germany
                                Harry Lorkin   U.K. (RAF 226 Squadron)          
     John Rogers          UK            
                                    N.Jack Logan       Canada   (RCAF 422 Squadron)
              Les and Maureen Ingram  Scotland
   Bill Barber            Canada    
  Robert Walsh        N.Ireland  
                         Capt. Jerry Mason USN (ret.)  Canada         
             Blake Wimperis      Canada              
                                   Robert Quirk     Canada                                          
                                    Norm Muffitt          Canada                                      
                         Lt/Col S. Beaton     Canada  (Camp Borden)
       Stephanie Pinder     USA            
    Alec (Johnny) Johnston    N.Z.
                 Stephen Kerr           N.Ireland             
                                   Reg Firby               Canada (RCAF 423 Squadron)
         Maurice Duffill         Australia     
                   John Hartshorn              UK                     
                                  Don Macfie      Canada ( RCAF 422/423 Squadron)
                               Frank Cauley   Canada  ( RCAF 422 Squadron)
                                Harold O'Brien  Canada  ( RCAF 423 Squadron)
                                   James Newall          UK        ( RAF 423 Squadron)
      Ian Meadows                    UK
                     Bill Baker                 Canada               
John Taylor      Canada
            Gordon Burke              Canada
          Carol Whittle                    U.K.

Last Update on Dec 07 , 2010